Losing driving privileges can result in anger, depression, interpersonal conflict, and lifestyle change. It can disrupt the doctor-patient relationship and can strain family bonds.
Chronic kidney disease is more common in older adults and can be caused by high blood pressure, diabetes, or medications. A nephrologist is a doctor who looks after persons with kidney disease and is also responsible for caring for those on dialysis. Dialysis can be a bridge to kidney transplant and even older adults can undergo transplant as a way to cure their chronic kidney disease.
Memory tests like the MoCA can be used to screen for dementia but they have their limitations. Memory tests often have to be adjusted to account for person's language, education, age and cultural factors. They can also be adapted for use with people who are visually impaired.
It is natural to want to extract a promise from a family member who may be making decisions for you in the future, such as never placing you in long-term care. But is that fair, or realistic? How does the family member feel if they have to leave a promise unfulfilled?
Pressure ulcers (also referred to as "bedsores") cause the breakdown of skin and underlying tissues and are an unfortunate consequence of immobility. These ulcers are caused by constant pressure against the skin and are the result of shearing forces, which is basically friction of skin against a surface. Bony parts of the body like a heel or tailbone are the most common places for ulcers to happen. The management of pressure ulcers includes treatment after an ulcer has occurred as well as p...